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EURES (EURopean Employment Services)

Mock-up LMI - Labour Market Information - Austria

National level - Austria

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Labour market

As of 1 January 2022, about 9 million people lived in Austria. The gross domestic product per inhabitant in Austria was EUR 49,400 in 2022, 39.5% higher than the average of EUR 35,400 per inhabitant in the EU27. Between 2018 and 2022, the GDP per capita in Austria increased by 13%. 

Gross domestic product (GDP) per inhabitant, EUR

EU 2730,30031,30030,10032,70035,400 

Note: nama_10r_2gdp, Statistics | Eurostat (

In 2022, more than 4.6 million people were active on the labour market in Austria. The employment rate was 74%, 4.2 percentage points higher than the EU27 average and 1 percentage point higher than in 2018. The employment rate of women in 2022 was 70%, men had an employment rate of 78% and for youth the employment rate was 51.9%, all above the EU27 average. 

Employment rate (%)

EU 2767.768.467.568.369.8
EU 2762.36362.263.364.9
EU 277373.772.773.374.7
EU 2732.833.431.432.734.8

Note: lfst_r_lfe2emprt, data refer to working age population (15-64), youth age group (15-24)  Statistics | Eurostat (


The unemployment rate in Austria was 4.8% in 2022, returning to the level before the pandemic, when it equalled 4.9% in 2018 and 4.6% in 2019, before increasing to 5.4% in 2020, up to 6.3% in 2021. The Austrian unemployment rate is consistently below the EU27 average; in 2022 it was 1.5 percentage points lower in Austria than in the EU27. 

Unemployment rate (%)


In 2022, 75% of the active workforce were from Austria, 11% from other EU Member States and 14% from third countries. In the EU27 on average, generally more economically active people come from the respective country (86%), while there are on average fewer people from foreign countries (4% from other EU Member States and 10% from third countries).

Proportion of economically active population (15-64 years) by country of birth, 2022


In Austria in 2022, most employees worked in the wholesale and retail trade sector (20%), followed by manufacturing (19%), construction (10%) and accommodation and food services (9%). In terms of number of enterprises, most can be found in professional, scientific and technical activities (17%), wholesale and retail trade (17%) and human health (13%). 

Number of enterprises and persons employed by sector, 2022


In Austria, the highest proportion of employees (34%) worked in large companies with more than 250 employees. Interestingly, there were only 1434 enterprises of this size, making up only 0.2% of all companies in Austria in 2022. 28% of employees worked in small companies with up to nine employees, which correspond to a majority of all enterprises (92%). 10% of persons employed work in companies with 10 to 19 employees and 11% work in companies with 20 to 49 employees. 

Number of enterprises and persons employed by firm size, 2022



With 301,250 inhabitants, Burgenland represented 3.3% of the population in Austria in 2023. (based on demo_r_d2jan, Statistics | Eurostat ( gross domestic product per capita, adjusted for price levels (PPS), in Burgenland was 88% of the EU27 average and well below the national average of 124% in 2022. (nama_10r_2gdp, Statistics | Eurostat (


Benefiting from an exceptional natural terrain, Brittany has developed a remarkable level of agricultural and industrial activity. Key sectors of strength include the agri-foodstuffs and the agri-industry, the naval industry, digital technologies, renewable energies, and biotechnology. These sectors stand out for numerous innovative projects. The city of Rennes and its metropolitan area are focal points for high-level research, giving rise to numerous research centres, competitiveness clusters, and business clusters.

In 2022, more than 188 thousand people were active on the labour market in Burgenland. 31% had tertiary education, 52% secondary, while 17% primary education. The employment rate in Burgenland was 73.3%, 0.7 percentage points lower than the national average in Austria and 1.5 percentage points higher compared to year 2018. The employment rate of women in 2022 was 69.3%, men had an employment rate of 77.4% and for youth the employment rate was 50.3%, all below the national average. 

The unemployment rate in Burgenland was 4.3% in 2022, 0.5 percentage points lower than the national average in the same year and a decrease from 5.1% in the previous year in Burgenland.


Employment rate 20182019202020212022
Total Austria7373.672.472.4 (b)74
Burgenland71.871.97271.8 (b)73.3
Female Austria68.669.268.368.1 (b)70
Burgenland66.667.167.867.2 (b)69.3
Male Austria77.47876.576.7 (b)78
Burgenland77.176.976.176.4 (b)77.4
Youth Austria51.351.650.250.2 (b)51.9
Burgenland47.744.343.247.8 (b)50.3
Unemployment rateAustria4. (b)4.8
 Burgenland4.2 (u)3.6 (u)4.25.1 (b)4.3

Note: lfst_r_lfe2emprt, Statistics | Eurostat (, 


Among the most sought-after non-seasonal professions in the region in 2023 are kitchen helpers, apprentices, general-purpose kitchen staff, home helps/housekeepers, nursing auxiliaries, cleaners and waiters in cafés and restaurants.

The seasonal nature of employment is particularly pronounced in Occitania and accounts for 38 % of all employers’ planned recruitments. The fact that agricultural and tourist activities are particularly well developed in the Occitania region is the reason for this high percentage. For example, the majority of seasonal hires are in agriculture (including the agri-food industry) and in accommodation and catering.